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Save the world with plant based diet
David Attenborough took up the subject of climate change and its negative effect on the global nature. It inspired us to think about the consequences for agriculture and what we were able to do about it. We have presented our potential role and contribution to the mitigation of climate changes from agriculture in this new video.
After Attenborough other remarkable persons have contributed to the agenda, such as Greta Thunberg and Bill Gates, and now also Quinoa Quality! What are the climate smart solutions in agriculture and food production, please look for some answers in the video. We all work for a climatic, sustainable future. And the solution is consisting of a plant based diet based on locally produced, high quality, highly nutritious and excellently tasting plant products for novel recipes. The future is tasty and climate proof.
Quinoa as a break crop
Quinoa is an excellent 'break crop' in crop rotations, improving soil fertility. Quinoa will benefit crop rotations. Cereals are grown on a large area in Europe, in Denmark 80% of the agricultural area, and we are short of rotating crops, which can provide variation in crop rotations.
Quinoa is not closely related to other common crops in a cereal crop rotation, so it will act as a break crop, not sharing soil borne diseases with cereals.
Quinoa has an efficient root system which infiltrates the soil differently from cereals and rape. The root system is fine and dense in the upper layers, with a tap root penetrating deeper into the soil
Quinoa cultivation - weeds
Quinoa Quality works with Danish Universities and education centers to improve cultivation techniques of Quinoa and other protein foods. Parameters for testing are varieties (Titicaca and Vikinga), row spacings (12.5, 25 and 50 cm) and plant density.
The effect on weed control is analyzed, and diseases and pests are registered. Other material than the commercial cultivars are also part of the trial.
Quinoa diseases and weeds
The project Quisacu (Quinoa Safe Cultivation) has included the best expertise in Denmark to look into the challenges of weed control and diseases in quinoa, a new emerging crop in the country. The project is coordinated by Aarhus University, and both QQ and the group of Danish quinoa farmers participate.
We work with mechanical cleaning and steaming of the crop, and studies the interaction with the main disease downy mildew (Peronospora variabilis) and other diseases recently discovered in quinoa.
The right harvest time depends on the development of the plants, the uniformity of the maturing, the presence of weeds, and the weather forecast. Optimal harvest is when plants are complete wiltered and brown, no weeds and dry weather. If the crop is not uniform or rain is expected, harvest may be initiated earlier than the optimal time.
For harvest is used a combine, whereas swathing normally is not recommended, as plants will lie close to the ground.
Processing and cleaning of quinoa
QQ has been working with the optimization of the quinoa post harvest processes together with the company Westrup, who many years experience in agroindustry equipment. The video shows the various steps in the cleaning and eventual dehulling of quinoa, and the various equipment used. They can all be acquired from Westrup. Please let us know if you need a direct contact at Westrup. The dehulling unit is specifically developed for quinoa, whereas the other units can be used for other crops as well.
Quinoa breeding - Development of new quinoa varieties
Quinoa Quality looks into the future, developing new varieties of quinoa, for different conditions, both in Europe and in other regions of the world. We look into the abiotic stress factors such as drought, heat and salinity, and biotic factors such as diseases and pest.
In addition market requirements are important for the selection of material we aim at.
Quinoa breeding in the UK
The UK quinoa seed market size was 29 million euro in 2016 and it will be 88 million euro in 2022, with an increase of 21% from 2016 to 2022. So far the British quinoa market is based on local and Dutch varieties. There is a huge and increasing interest for quinoa, so it would make sense to have more quinoa material to choose from.
The potential for quinoa in the UK is huge, so we are working with partners to get into the market in the best way.
Quinoa production on a Danish island l
The Danish quinoa seed market size was 2.4 million euro in 2016 and it will be 4.7 million euro in 2022, with an increase of 12% from 2016 to 2022. The area has increased from close to 0 in 2015, to 150 ha in 2020. Quinoa market demand is increasing, as local products are highly demanded by the consumers.
Quinoa production on a Danish island ll
Bågø is situated in Lillebælt, and you arrive on a ferry from Assens. It is a small, pretty island, where you find such an unusual building as a Russian orthodox church, however very small. Climate is mild, and quinoa may be an ideal crop there.
Our island farmer has grown both quinoa and common millet with success, and will continue to grow and develop the market.
Quinoa production in Sweden
The Swedish quinoa seed market size was 5,5 million euro in 2016 and it will be 14 million euro in 2022, with a 17% annual increase from 2016 to 2022. Quinoa production and market is rapidly increasing. Quinoa Quality has established cooperation with Nordisk Råvara, which offers bean and lentil seeds, locally produced.
Nordisk Råvara grows these specialty crops on contract with farmers, recollects the seeds, processes, packs in bags, and supplies the seeds for consumption to various buyers.
Quinoa production in Austria
Austrian market is demanding quinoa, and especially locally produced quinoa will be valued highly. We are collaborating with a seed company in promoting quinoa, amaranth and other crops among Austrian farmers, and we have the first results from cultivation.
Quinoa production in Switzerland
Switzerland is an Alpine country, with a lot of mountain slopes and cold climate which is challenging for the production and growing of a tropical crop like quinoa. Only the varieties adapted through breeding for this climate can succeed.
The consumer market in Switzerland is demanding, and very interested in organic and specialty products such as quinoa. There is a promising market for locally produced quinoa.
Quinoa production in France
France is a key market for quinoa. The quinoa trend in France started earlier than in other European countries. France has long been the biggest quinoa market in Europe, accounting for almost half of the European consumption from 2005.
The French quinoa seed market size was 45 million euro in 2016 and it will be 119 million euro in 2022, with a 18% annual increase from 2016 to 2022. Per capita consumption of quinoa in France amounted to about 40 g in 2012, but has since then increased. Total quinoa consumption in France in 2016 was 6,000 t
Quinoa production in Germany
The Germany quinoa seed market size was 20 million euro in 2016 and it will be 57 million euro in 2022, representing an expected growth rate of 19% from 2016 to 2022. Germany is the largest market for organic products in Europe (in 2012 32%). When it comes to quinoa, the Germans have been late adapters, but after some delay quinoa sales grew quickly. In 2014, Germany was the third largest quinoa importing country in Europe, only after France and the Netherlands.
Large and increasing interest from retailers like supermarkets and restaurants. Our partner is growing Titicaca, which is being processed on their own equipment, where they also produce flour. The final products are packed and delivered with their own brand. Vikinga is being tested now.
Quinoa production in Czech Republic
The Czech Republic offers good conditions for growing Quinoa. The Czech quinoa seed market was 0.8 million euro in 2016 and it will be 1.6 million euro in 2022, with a 12% increase from 2016 to 2022. It is a new market, but with promising results in the field.
Quinoa production in Spain
The Spanish quinoa seed market size was 6 million euro in 2016 and it will be 17.98 million. USD in 2022, predicted to increase annually by 17% from 2016 to 2022. Spain has the largest organic agricultural area in Europe (6,5% of Europe). The market is challenging, because there is a demand for white seeds, our seed are darker and even integral.
Buckwheat testing in France
Quinoa Quality offers buckwheat used to attract bees and offering a nutritious, high-value seed. Buckwheat is adapted to temperate conditions, and is grown around Europe, and very appreciated in eastern Europe. It is a climate proof crop which has a short season, and requires very little N and water for the production. Sowing is late when soil has gained some warmth.
The potential for developing new recipes of high nutritional value is huge, as buckwheat contains all the essential amino acids we need, in an adequate amount. Buckwheat will break the wall into a more sustainable future.
Camelina, an oil crop with high quality oil, grows well in Denmark. Camelina, which has been utilized from ancient time in Denmark, has experienced a revival, with increasing interest in the crop based on 25 years of breeding work.
Now new material has been developed which are growing well in Europe, with few if any diseases and pests, and little fertilizer requirement. The crop variety is competitive against weeds.
There is much interest from the market to acquire Danish produced lentil (Lens culinaris). There is a variation in lentil with different colours and uses, so both green, black and red lentil are available.
An important issue is how to grow the crop, with small plants of poor competition against weeds, and difficult to harvest. Therefore we work on intercropping, mixing lentil with another crop, harvested together.
Amaranth production in Spain
Amaranth is a promising new crop for Europe, with good characteristics for adapting to the climate changes. Amaranth is highly tolerant to high temperatures and high light inception, being able to produce perfectly in southern Europe. Amaranth also gives good results in the north, surprisingly, due to the material developed. Amaranth is highly nutritive, with a perfect composition of amino acids.
Quinoa Quality company presentation
Quinoa Quality has been founded by Sven-Erik Jacobsen, now executive director of the company, which is operating at present in more than 20 countries of Europe, Africa, Asia and South America.
Quinoa Quality is market leader in production and breeding of quinoa and other high quality crops. QQ sells seed for sowing of its own bred and selected cultivars of quinoa, amaranth and camelina, and distributes high protein legumes like pea, lentil and chickpea, bee pollination crops like borage and echium, and other climate friendly crops like teff, chia and sesame.
Other activities of Quinoa Quality is to facilitate markets for these crops, providing supervision to farmers and others, participate in research and development for the various crops, and especially develop new products for the future.
New Danish protein project
A new project between 12 partners should help introducing the future crops on the Danish market. The project group consists of chefs, universities, innovations partners and food companies. Watch the video about the project!