The Chenopodium genus includes around 250 species from all over the world. It is considered one of the most nutritious genus in existence, due to its protein and dietary fiber content, as well as healthy fat, ash and minerals (Repo-Carrasco et al. 2003). The oldest domesticated Chenopodium species, identified to date, is the South American quinoa developed in the Andes mountains about 7500 years ago (Pearsall 1992). It reached North America ca. 1200 AD.